Marmagao Port (W India) (2024)

Marmagao Port (W India) (1)Marmagao (or Mormugao) port is located in marmagao bay that is entered between Marmagao Head and Kabo Point.
The entrance to the bay is encumbered with shoals. The Grandi Islands lie in the S approach to the bay.

The S side of Marmagao Bay is bold and rocky, rising to the tableland of Marmagao Head.
The N shore of the bay between Kabo Point and Nazaret Point, about 4.5 miles ESE, consists of alternating stretches of sand and rock. The land within is covered with jungle and rises to an elevation of 45m.

A radio mast, with an elevation of 175m, is conspicuous about 2 miles NNW of Nazaret Point.

Marmagao is one of the oldest ports on the west coast of India, protected by a breakwater as well as a mole constructed E of the seaward end of the breakwater. The port lies on the N side by Marmagao Head. It is the leader in exporting iron ore in India as well as manganese ore and alumina. Imports include petroleum products, chemicals, other general cargo and a growing container trade.

Occasional strong NE winds from about the middle of February to the end of March cause a heavy swell in Marmagao Bay. These winds usually last from 3 days to a week and decrease in strength from sunset to sunrise.
However, it has been cautioned by the local authorities that the weather deteriorates without warning.

The tidal rise at Marmagao is 2.3m at MHWS and 1.6m at MHWN.
Tidal currents in the outer anchorage off Marmagao Bay are weak.

The port is approached through a dredged channel entered between Lighted Buoy No. 1 and Lighted Buoy No. 2, moored 2 miles W of of Marmagao Point.
The channel, which leads to the inner anchorage and the berthing area, is about 4.6 miles long and 250m wide. The channel has been dredged to a depth of 14.4m although lesser depths have been reported (2002).

Vessels up to 70,000 dwt, with a maximum draft of 12m, can berth alongside. Vessels up to 275,000 dwt can be accommodated in midstream.

The port authority applies an underkeel clearance of 1.2m and a swell allowance of 0.5m. During the Southwest Monsoon period a higher swell allowance is used.

A quay extends 1.5 miles E and SE from the root of the breakwater and affords ten numbered berths, including berths for tankers and ore carriers at its SE end.
Limitations at these berths are given in the accompanying table titled Marmagao Bay—Berth Limitations.
Draft limitations for the above berths are subject to frequent change in conjunction with the state of tide, underkeel clearance, prevailing sea, and weather conditions. Details of changes can be obtained from the local pilot or the Port Officer.
Night navigation is permitted only during the fair season (mid-September to the end of May), but there are still restrictions placed on vessels working at Berths 9, 10, and 11. Detailed information should be obtained from the Harbor Master if this is applicable.

A floating dock extends NE from Berth:
No. 1. A breakwater extends NE from between Berth No. 2 and Berth No. 3.

Vessels requiring to top-off to their seasonal mark may be permitted W of the breakwater during fair weather season.
Several mooring buoys are situated E and SE of the head of the mole. Five finger piers for small vessels and barges lie within 0.2 mile SE of the Berth No. 9.
Foul ground borders Grandi Island up to 0.3 mile offshore. A 5m patch lies about 0.5 mile NE of the E end of the island; other patches, with depths of 3.9m, lie 0.7 mile N and 0.6 mile NNW of the same position.

Saint Georges Reef, which dries 1.5m, lies about 0.3 mile E of Grandi Island.

Sail Rock, 14m high, lies about 0.5 mile S of the W end of Grandi Island; this pillar rock can easily be mistaken for a sail.
A reef, which dries 1.2m, lies about 0.2 mile NE of Sail Rock.

Saint George’s Bank, with a least depth of 6.5m, lies about 0.8 mile WNW of Grandi Island.

Martha Patches, a group of rocky shoals with a least known depth of 2.7m, lie about 1 mile N of Grandi Island.

Marmagao Rocks, with a least depth of 6.1m, lie about 0.5 mile N of Marmagao Point, and are marked on their S side by Lighted Channel Buoy No. 6.

An 8.2m patch and a 7.9m patch lie about 0.5 mile NNW and 1.3 miles W of Marmagao Point.

Amee Shoals, close N of Marmagao Rocks and lying in the middle of the entrance to Marmagao Bay, is a group of shoals with a least depth of 1.8m.

Sunchi Reefs, about 1 mile S of Kabo Rajniwas, are rocky shoals, one of which dries 0.9m. Marivel Patches, with a least depth of 0.4m, lie close NE.

Kambariam Islet (Buffalo Rock), 6m high, lies about 1 mile SW of Marmagao Point, the NW extremity of Marmagao Head. Foul ground extends about 0.2 mile N of the islet.

Sawyer Patches
, with depths of 4.9m, lie about 0.5 mile N of Kambariam Islet.

A mole extends E about 0.1 mile from E side of the breakwater; Breakwater East Head Light is shown from a squat masonry tower at the head of the mole.

Tel: +91 832 2521100
+91 832 2521200
Fax:+91 832 2521105

Anchorage depth:7.1m - 9.1mCargo pier depth:11m - 12.2mOil terminal depth:11m - 12.2m
Max size: Up to 500 feet in length

Pilotage is compulsory. Vessels should send, via their agent, a request for pilotage, at least 48 hours in advance.

Vessels awaiting a pilot may anchor, in about 13m, mud, about 2 miles WNW of Marmagao Point.

The pilot boards about 0.9 mile W of Lighted Buoy No. 1 and Lighted Buoy No. 2. In bad weather, the pilot will guide the vessel from the pilot vessel until boarding is possible.

Pilotage is available 24 hours during the fair weather season (September to May), but is not available at night during the Southwest Monsoon (June to September). During these times, vessels are guided up to the breakwater by the pilot launch and with assistance from the VTMS.

Vessels should send their ETA, via their agent, 48 hours and 24 hours in advance.

A Vessel Traffic Management System (VTMS) controls traffic to the approaches to Marmagao Harbor. Vessels should contact Marmagao VTMS Center on VHF channel 16 (call sign: Goa Port) when within 2 hours prior to arrival or no less than a radius of 12 miles from the breakwater.

Vessels at anchor should maintain a continuous listening watch on VHF channel 16.

Large vessels can anchor S of Grandi Island, with shelter from NW winds, in about 18m, mud, about 0.4 mile SW of the SE extremity of Grandi Island. Smaller vessels can anchor, in about 17m, about 0.1 mile ESE of the above point.

Anchorage can be taken in Marmagao Bay, in 7m, about 0.6 mile NE of the head of the breakwater.

Anchorage is prohibited between Searle Patch (15°27'N., 73°48'E.) and Amee Shoals, 1 mile SW.
Anchorage is also prohibited off the S side of the W end of Grandi Island (15°21'N., 73°46'E.) and about 0.5 mile and 1.5 miles SE of Pikene Island (15°23'N., 73°48'E.).

Vessels bound for Marmagao Bay from the S should pass about 2 miles W of Grandi Island and about 1 mile W of Kambariam Islet, then steer NE to enter the buoyed channel.
Vessels approaching from N should steer to pass about 2 miles W of Aguada Head (15°29'N., 73°46'E.), then keep Kambariam Islet in range with the E end of Grandi Island, bearing 168°; this leads W of all dangers in the entrance to Marmagao Bay.

At night do not proceed into depths less than 13m when between Aguada Head and the Saint George’s Islands.
The sea breaks heavily on the dangers in the entrance during the Southwest Monsoon.
During the Southwest Monsoon, in presence of heavy swell at the approach to the port, good steerage should be maintained while rounding the breakwater to avoid being set E; ensure there is sufficient underkeel clearance to allow for the swell and maneuvering.

A spoil ground lies 2 miles WNW of Marmagao Point.

Dangerous wrecks lie 1.3 and 0.8 miles from the fairway buoy.

Submarine Exercise Areas are centered 30 miles and 45 miles W and 20 miles SW of Marmagao Head.

A channel, marked by lighted and unlighted buoys, leads S of the spoil ground and N of Marmagao Head to the harbor.




Marmagao Port (W India) (2)




Marmagao Port  (W India) (2024)


What is the significance of Mormugao port? ›

Mormugao Port, commissioned in 1885 is one of the oldest ports on the west coast of India in the state of Goa and is blessed with a protected open type natural harbour. Over the years, it has developed a deep draft channel.

What is Marmagao famous for? ›

Mormugao Port

It is the leading iron ore exporting port of India with an annual throughput of around 27.33 million tonnes of iron ore traffic. The INS Mormugao has been named after the port.

Is Mormugao port in India? ›

Mormugao Port is a port on the western coast of India, in the coastal state of Goa. Commissioned in 1885 on the site of a natural harbour, it is one of India's oldest ports.

What is the meaning of Mormugao? ›

Mormugao was an important port for Portuguese ships. It is said that the fortress, which is just a few kilometres away from the Mormugao port, was built to guard the mouth of the harbour.

Why was the port so important? ›

The Intermodal Transportation System connects goods to consumers. Ports serve as important transportation hubs that facilitate goods movement to businesses in local communities and worldwide markets.

What is the most important port in the world? ›

1. Port of Shanghai, China. The Port of Shanghai is a symbol of China's economic significance, stretching across the Yangtze River Delta. Its staggering volume of 47.28 million TEUs is supported by state-of-the-art technology and a strategic location that has made it the linchpin of global trade.

Is Marmagao port natural or artificial? ›

Mormugao Port is a natural harbour in India that was identified as a leading dock in 1963. It is a top iron ore exporter.

Is Vasco and Mormugao the same? ›

The industrial town of Vasco-da-Gama, named after the Portuguese voyager, lies around 30 kilometers away from the capital city of Panaji and is spread around the base of the peninsula which leads to the Mormugao harbour.

On which river is Marmagao? ›

31 million tonnes. LOCATION: On the southern shore of Mormuagao Bay at the mouth of the River Zuari on the west coast, 220 n.m. SSE of Mumbai.

What are the characteristics of Mormugao port? ›

Mormugao is an open type natural harbour and has a natural geographical formation known as Mormugao Headland. The harbour is protected by a breakwater of 550 m length and a mole of 270 m length.

How deep is the Mormugao port? ›

The existing depth of the outer channel is 14.40 mts and inner channel is 14.10mts.

Which is the oldest port in India? ›

Kolkata Port

Kolkata Port is situated in Kolkata, West Bengal; it is also referred to as Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Port. The oldest port in the nation is Kolkata Port. During the colonial era, it was constructed by the British East India Company and had a significant impact on trade.

Where was ins Mormugao built? ›

Construction. The keel of Mormugao was laid down on 4 June 2015, and she was launched on 17 September 2016 at Mazagon Dock Limited of Mumbai. Mormugao completed its basin trials on 15 December, 2021 and started its maiden sea trials on 19 December, 2021 commemorating the Goa Liberation Day.

What is the origin of the word Margao? ›

The etymology of the name has been debated, with theories ranging from the name having evolved from the pre-colonial Mahargao (“village of Mahars”, a large community of weavers) to being derived from the Sanskrit मठग्राम (Maṭhagrāma) which means "a village of monasteries" owing to the shrines of Matsyendranath and ...

What is the importance of New Orleans port? ›

New Orleans' port serves as a leading export hub for America's agricultural products, including grains, soybeans, and cotton. Moreover, the port plays a crucial role in the energy sector, facilitating the export of petroleum and petrochemical products from the Gulf Coast to international markets.

Why is the port city important? ›

These cities serve as crucial gateways for trade, facilitating the movement of goods, services, and people between countries and continents. The economic impact of port cities is significant, both at the local and global levels.

Why is the Guangzhou port important? ›

Guangzhou was an important port during the ancient times as far back as the Qin Dynasty. It served as a trading port as the "Silk Road on the Sea". The port became one of China's busiest ports during the Ming dynasty and Qing dynasty.

What is the significance of major ports in India? ›

Of the 12 government-owned Major Ports of India , 6 are located in the western coastline while the remaining 6 ports are located in the eastern coastline. These ports play a crucial role in providing water connectivity and trade with neighbours and the rest of the world.


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